Department of Chemistry and Materials Science

Multifunctional Materials Design

The Multifunctional Materials Design research group (MMD) led by Prof. Jaana Vapaavuori focuses on experimental studies of soft materials, as well as inorganic-organic hybrids. Our ultimate goal is to combine multiple functionalities in the same material through supramolecular chemistry and designing hierarchical structures. We also aim to convert external stimuli into useful responses via photoactuation, photovoltaics and photocatalysis.
MMD webpage main image. GIF image by Aalto University, Giulnara Launonen


More 'Recent news' and 'Related content' in the corresponding sections below.

Kaksi perhosen muotoon taivutettua neuletekstiilinäytettä rinnakkain: toinen on harmaanruskea, toinen sähköisen vihreä.

FinnCERES and the joint Nordic research project on smart textiles are showcased at the World Circular Economy Forum in Brussels

The exhibition features innovative bioeconomy products and prototypes of textiles responsive to temperature and light.

Entangled exhibition. Image by Mithila Mohan. Photo by Maija Vaara

ENTANGLED: Reimagining Textile Functionalities, Aesthetics and Sustainability (external link)

Aalto Virtual Exhibitions
Cooperating partners: Aalto University - VIA University College - University of Borås - University of Turku - Iceland University of the Arts

MMD Game video_2023

MMD Game || Integrity shapes Science (external link)

Video by 'Multifunctional Materials Design' research group created in December 2023

Our research focuses and group members

Beakers / Photo by Aalto University, Aleksi Poutanen

MMD research focuses

Multifunctional Materials Design research group (MMD)

Department of Chemistry and Materials Science
MMD research group 20220615_2.jpg

MMD team

Multifunctional Materials Design: research group members

Department of Chemistry and Materials Science

Our current projects:

Beyond e-Textiles project

Nordic network on smart light-conversion textiles beyond electric circuits

Beyond e-Textiles webpage, main image. Image by Aalto University, Giulnara Launonen, Maija Vaara, Mithila Mohan

AI-yarn project (Bioinnovation)

AI-guided biohybrid assembly platform for e-textiles

AIyarn project main image. Photo by Aalto University / Matteo Iannacchero, Maija Vaara

EARMetal project

Electrochemically-Assisted Aqueous Reduction of Waste Streams for Metals Recovery and Functional Surfaces

EARMetal webpage, main image. Photo by Aalto University, Maija Vaara, Mithila Mohan

MMD FinnCERES: Energy

MMD projects funded by FinnCERES (theme Energy)

MMD FinnCERES projects main image. Photo by Aalto University / Mithila Mohan, Maija Vaara

MMD FinnCERES: Acoustics

MMD projects funded by FinnCERES (sub-theme Acoustics)

Measurement of how sound waves bend towards the absorption material. Photo by Aalto University, Tapio Lokki

ModelCom project

Autonomously adapting and communicating modular textiles

ModelCom webpage, main image, nylon yarn helix. Photo by Aalto University, Maija Vaara


Continuous monitoring of hypothermia in elderly people by the novel integrated wearable sensor system based on cellulose hydrogel and metallic nanowires

WEARSENSNANO webpage, main image. Photo by Aalto University, Maija Vaara, Mithila Mohan

Completed projects:


Multifunctional, high performance cellulose-based substrates for photovoltaics and optoelectronics

SUBSTAINABLE webpage, main image. Photo by Aalto University, Maija Vaara, Mithila Mohan

SUPER-WEAR project

Super-stretchable functionalized materials and fibers for third generation wearable technology

SUPER-WEAR webpage, main image. Photo by Aalto University, Maija Vaara, Mithila Mohan

Contact information:

Professor Jaana Vapaavuori
Professor Jaana Vapaavuori

We are a group that embraces cross-disciplinary research and co-creative approaches. If you are interested in our projects or to join the group, please contact Prof. Vapaavuori by e-mail.

Mailing address: Department of Chemistry and Materials Science, Aalto University, P.O. Box 16100, FI-00076 AALTO, Finland

Visiting address: Office B209b, Kemistintie 1 (Chemistry building), 02150 Espoo, Finland

Lobby service in the Chemistry building: 
+358 50 384 1658

You can approach us by sending an e-mail to [email protected].

Follow us on social media

Latest publications:

Carbon Aerogels Derived from Anion-Modified Nanocellulose for Adaptive Supercapacitor Performance

Yazan Al Haj, Ahmed B. Soliman, Jaana Vapaavuori, Mady Elbahri 2024 Advanced Functional Materials

Bio‐Templated Silver Nanopatterns for Photothermal and Antifogging Coatings

Swarnalok De, Hoang M. Nguyen, Fangxin Zou, Fevzihan Basarir, Maryam Mousavi, Kristiina Mäkinen, Mauri A. Kostiainen, Jaana Vapaavuori 2024 Advanced Materials Interfaces

A Low-Cost and Do-It-Yourself Pressure Sensor Enable Human Motion Detection and Human–Machine Interface Applications

Mari Heikkinen, Fevzihan Basarir, Kim Miikki, Yazan Al Haj, Mithila Mohan, Jaana Vapaavuori 2024 Advanced Sensor Research

Processing factors affecting roughness, optical and mechanical properties of nanocellulose films for optoelectronics

Joice Jaqueline Kaschuk, Yazan Al Haj, Joaquin Valdez Garcia, Aleksi Kamppinen, Orlando J. Rojas, Tiffany Abitbol, Kati Miettunen, Jaana Vapaavuori 2024 Carbohydrate Polymers

Bio-based materials for solar cells

Kati Miettunen, Mahboubeh Hadadian, Joaquín Valdez García, Alicja Lawrynowicz, Elena Akulenko, Orlando J. Rojas, Michael Hummel, Jaana Vapaavuori 2024 Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Energy and Environment

Heat-Induced Actuator Fibers: Starch-Containing Biopolyamide Composites for Functional Textiles

Hossein Baniasadi, Zahra Madani, Mithila Mohan, Maija Vaara, Sami Lipponen, Jaana Vapaavuori, Jukka Seppälä 2023 ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces

Silver Nanowire-based Capacitive Type Pressure and Strain Sensors for Human Motion Monitoring

Fevzihan Basarir, Hamidreza Daghigh Shirazi, Zahra Madani, Jaana Vapaavuori 2023 Nanowires

Acoustic Properties of Aerogels: Current Status and Prospects

Tatiana Budtova, Tapio Lokki, Sadeq Malakooti, Ameya Rege, Hongbing Lu, Barbara Milow, Jaana Vapaavuori, Stephanie Vivod 2023 Advanced Engineering Materials

Recent developments of electrodeposition-redox replacement in metal recovery and functional materials: A review

Linfan Cui, Kirsi Yliniemi, Jaana Vapaavuori, Mari Lundström 2023 Chemical Engineering Journal

Potato virus A particles – A versatile material for self-assembled nanopatterned surfaces

Swarnalok De, Hoang M. Nguyen, Ville Liljeström, Kristiina Mäkinen, Mauri Kostiainen, Jaana Vapaavuori 2023 Virology
More information on our research in the Aalto research portal.
Research portal


Dr. Swarnalok De and logos of the Finnish Cultural Foundation, Aalto University and MMD group
Research & Art Published:

Dr. Swarnalok De receives a one-year grant from the Finnish Cultural Foundation

Awarded for research on the development of wearable healthcare sensors for autonomous health monitoring of the aging population
Maryam Mousavi at Global Young Scientists Summit 2024. Photo credit: Technology Academy Finland
Research & Art Published:

GYSS 2024: a unique platform for inspiration, knowledge exchange and networking

Maryam Mousavi among the 10 top young scientists from Finland accepted to the Global Young Scientists Summit 2024 in Singapore
Makoto Ueki on his summer project in MMD group. Images - from Makoto's personal archive
Research & Art Published:

Makoto Ueki: MMD's and Aalto University's emphasis on interdisciplinary collaboration offered invaluable lessons for my future career

Makoto Ueki on his summer internship project in Multifunctional Materials Design research group
Recovery of Gold as Nanoparticles; Reima Herrala
Press releases, Research & Art Published:

Waste not: A new electrochemical method to recover noble metals as particles

The EARMetal process innovates with electrochemistry to efficiently recover noble metals from complex production solutions, potentially reducing environmental impacts and streamlining metal retrieval
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