Researchers demonstrated how to control the quantum states of individual molecules with an electrically controllable substrate.
Correlated Quantum Materials (CQM)
The Correlated Quantum Materials (CQM) group focuses on theoretically studying emerging quantum phenomena in solid-state systems. In particular, we are highly interested in materials where electronic correlations and topology yield exotic physics such as symmetry broken states, topological excitations and ultimately emerging fractionalized particles. A central part of our research focuses on van der Waals materials, including graphene, two-dimensional superconductors, magnets and multiferroics. In our group, we aim to provide theoretical routes to engineer exotic states of matter in twisted van der Waals systems, including graphene, 2D superconductors, ferromagnets and multiferroics. As specific goals, we aim to unveil potential routes to engineer unconventional superconductors, quantum spin liquids, topological states and fractionalized matter in van der Waals materials. We are developing new methodologies to treat quantum many-body fractional matter using both neural-network, tensor-network and quantum-circuit algorithms. Besides our theoretical research lines, we often work in collaboration with experimental groups studying quantum materials in general, and van der Waals materials in particular.
Current main research lines:
Engineering and controlling quantum matter in van der Waals materials
Van der Waals heterostructures provide an outstanding platform to engineer elusive quantum phenomena, by exploiting materials engineering, twist engineering and proximity effects. We are interested in developing new theoretical routes to exploit the flexibility of these materials to create exotic physics not accessible in conventional compounds. On the theory side, among others, we recently showed:
- Controlling artificial gauge fields electrically in twisted graphene multilayers
- Designing frustrated valley magnets in twisted graphene multilayers
- Generating electrically controllable correlated states in twisted graphene multilayers
- Engineering artificial heavy-fermion correlated states in twisted graphene multilayers
- Revealing the mechanism leading to multiferroic order in a van der Waals monolayer
In collaboration with experimental groups, we recently experimentally demonstrated:
- Realizing an artificial many-body heavy-fermion state in van der Waals multilayers
- Probing magnetic excitations in van der Waals magnets
- Designing magnetically frustrated van der Waals magnets with spin-orbit coupling engineering
- Probing crystal field effects in twisted graphene multilayers.
Current main research lines:
- Tunable correlated quantum matter in twisted van der Waals materials
- Van der Waals multiferroics
- Heavy-fermion Kondo quantum matter in van der Waals materials
Designing and detecting emergent excitations in quantum materials
The interplay of strong electronic interactions, quasiperiodicity and dissipation represents one of the most exciting lines in quantum materials, opening venues to engineer quantum excitations not present in nature, such as fractionalized excitations, supersymmetric excitations and emergent topological states. Among others, in this line, we recently showed:
- Engineering topological excitations by exploiting quasiperiodic many-body states
- Designing topological modes by exploiting Coulomb engineered correlations
- Designing solitonic excitations between quantum disordered magnets and superconductors
- Engineering topological modes in non-Hermitian interacting systems
In collaboration with experimental groups, we experimentally showed:
- Generating and probing criticality in quasiperiodic states
- Promoting topological superconducting excitations with moire patterns
- Detecting electronic quantum entanglement at the atomic scale
The methodologies that we develop are implemented in freely available in an open source library to study electronic, interacting and topological properties of tight binding models.
Current main research lines:
- Non-Hermitian interacting many-body topology
- Quasiperiodic-driven many-body topology
- Interaction-driven topological quantum matter
Quantum algorithms and machine learning for quantum materials design
Understanding exotic phenomena in quantum systems often requires developing new theoretical methods for model analysis and prediction. In particular, we are especially interested in developing new methodologies to understand and detect quantum-many body phenomena using tensor-network, neural-network and quantum circuit algorithms. In this direction, recently we demonstrated:
- Powering-up many-body methodologies with neural-network algorithms
- Detecting topological quantum matter with neural-network algorithms
- Computing dynamical topological excitations in many-body systems using kernel polynomial tensor-network methods
- Exploiting tensor-network algorithms to predict quantum many-body criticality
- Exploiting generative adversarial machine learning for dynamical quantum matter and Hamiltonian learning
The methods we design are also implemented in freely available open source libraries we develop to solve quantum many-body problems with tensor networks.
Current main research lines:
- Generative-adversarial machine learning for many-body quantum materials
- Tensor-network methods for non-Hermitian dynamical quantum many-body matter
- Quantum-circuit tensor-network algorithms for quantum matter
- Neural-network and tensor-network methods for quantum criticality
Current group members:
- Jose Lado: Assistant professor
- Guangze Chen: Doctoral Researcher
- Maryam Khosravian: Doctoral Researcher (co-supervised with Prof. Peter Liljeroth)
- Rouven Koch: Doctoral Researcher
- Pascal Vecsei: Doctoral Researcher (co-supervised with Prof. Christian Flindt)
- Marcel Niedermeier: Doctoral Researcher (co-supervised with Prof. Christian Flindt)
- Elizabeth Pereira: Doctoral Researcher (co-supervised with Dr. Andrea Blanco-Redondo)
- Vilja Kaskela: MSc Student (co-supervised with Dr. Adolfo Fumega)
- Faluke Aikebaier: Magnus Ehrnrooth Postdoctoral Researcher (co-supervised with Prof. Teemu Ojanen)
- Adolfo Fumega: Academy of Finland Postdoctoral Researcher (co-supervised with Prof. Peter Liljeroth)
Former group members
- Netta Karjalainen: Research Assistant (co-supervised with Prof. Theo Kurten)
- Zina Lippo: Research Assistant
- Marc Nairn: Research Assistant (co-supervised with Prof. Christian Flindt)
- Timo Hyart: Research Fellow
- Mikael Haavisto: Research Assistant (co-supervised with Dr. Adolfo Fumega)
- Pramod Kumar: Postdoctoral Researcher
- Valerii Kachin: Research Assistant (co-supervised with Prof. Teemu Ojanen and Dr. Timo Hyart)
- Heikki Systä: Research Assistant (co-supervised with Prof. Päivi Törmä)
- Pinja Hirvinen: Research Assistant
- Timo Kist: Research Assistant (co-supervised with Prof. Christian Flindt)
- Senna Luntama: Research Assistant (co-supervised with Prof. Päivi Törmä)
Research Group Members
Recent Events & News
AQP Seminar: Electronic instabilities of metallic dichalcogenides: Unconventional superconductivity and Kondo magnetism
Aalto Quantum Physics Seminars (Hybrid). Speaker: Dr. Fernando de Juan (Donostia International Physics Center, Spain)
Aalto Quantum Physics Seminars (Hybrid). Speaker: Dr. Cécile Repellin (CNRS, Laboratoire de Physique et Modélisation des Milieux Condensés, France)
Researchers have demonstrated a new technique to measure the quantum excitations in superconducting materials with atomic precision for the first time. Detecting these excitations is an important step towards understand exotic superconductors, which could help us improve quantum computers and perhaps even pave the way towards room-temperature superconductors.
Professor Jose Lado was awarded early career prize. The award recognizes the talents of exceptional young researchers who are making a significant contribution to their respective field of research. The runner-up prize was awarded to Prof. Lado by Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft and Institute of Physics through New Journal of Physics (NJP).
Fazel Tafti (Boston College) will give a seminar "First and second generation Kitaev magnets: The role of topochemistry in quantum magnetism"
Dr. Maia Garcia Vergniory (Donostia International Physics Center/Ikerbasque, Spain) will give a research seminar "Beyond Topological Quantum Chemistry"
By combining ferromagnets and two rotated layers of graphene, researchers open up a new platform for strongly interacting states using graphene’s unique quantum degree of freedom
Prof. Eliška Greplová (TU-Delft Netherlands) will give a research seminar "Learning Algorithms for Control and Characterization of Quantum Matter".
Dr. Timo Hyart (International Research Centre MagTop, Warsaw, Poland) will give a research seminar "Correlated States in Flat-Band Systems".
The colloquium will present novel developments in the field of atomic manipulation with scanning probe techniques and atomically designed quantum matter. This Colloquium series will start on May 4th, and run once a week, preliminary until the end of June.
Dr. Aline Ramires (Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Dresden, Germany) will give a research seminar "Understanding Complex Superconductors through the Concept of Superconducting Fitness".
The newest theoretical physics professor at Aalto calculates what we need to do to create electronic states that can’t otherwise exist in nature, and how we can harness them for quantum computing