Internship in Japan: Working as an Industrial Designer at Mitsubishi Electric

Janne Pärssinen, a master student in Industrial Design, is delighted he had influence on the projects as an intern.
Janne Pärssinen seisoo Mitsubishi Electronicin rakennuksen edessä Japanissa.
Janne Pärssinen Mitsubishi Electricin edustalla.

Pärssinen, a student at the Aalto University’s Collaborative and Industrial Design (CoID) program, had a three-month internship at the electronics manufacturer Mitsubishi Electric in Japan last fall. He returned in December and now reflects his recent experience.

It all started last spring, when Pärssinen noticed an email sent by the university about a internship position with Mitsubishi Electric, and submitted an application with a portfolio. He was interested in working abroad, as there are only a few internship options in Finland. He was particularly interested in getting to experience a bigger industrial company from a designer’s point of view. Also, the opportunity to get to know Japanese culture and society sounded interesting.

He worked in Mitsubishi's Business Design Group, which explores new business opportunities and sharpens existing products and services. The group has design and business expertise and has a relatively high position in the organization.

‘I got to experience a company of this size for the first time, and at the same time quite a hierarchical organization. I think I got a fairly good idea of ​​what a designer's role is in such an organization and how difficult it is for a designer to get things moving. However, I saw some development there’, Pärssinen sums up his experience.

Working on service design and product development projects

During his internship, Pärssinen worked on two different tasks. One was an early phase service design project, for which he did visualizations, among other things. The other one explored the business opportunities of a certain technology and Pärssinen was responsible for advancing the early product design.

Both projects were multi-year projects – the other one had a ten-year timeframe – but, however, Janne Pärssinen felt he was able to contribute to them. The work was done in close collaboration with the Mitsubishi Advanced Technology Center.

‘All in all, the projects were really satisfying because I was able to present my findings and what I had been planning on my part.’

Pärssinen sees design understanding and expertise as his personal strengths in the projects. ‘I found the job very suitable for myself, and at the same time it benefited the whole group.’

‘I was also lucky enough to get to work in two real-life projects. This was not necessarily the case for all interns, since I heard some were only given some independent tasks.’

This view is also supported by the feedback Pärssinen received from his supervisor, saying that Pärssinen was an 'exceptional intern' because he was involved in real work cases. The first and only discussion with the supervisor took place at a farewell party in honor of Pärssinen.

‘It was only there that I realized how important cross disciplinary cooperation is’.”

Janne Pärssinen

Work life in Japan

Mitsubishi Electric's Industrial Design Center is located in Ofuna, about an hour's train ride from Tokyo. Pärssinen lived in the corporate dorm in Fujisawa, a short distance from Ofuna. In addition to the apartment, the employees were offered a daily commute by train.

Japanese work culture surprised the Finnish designer in many ways. For example, the multidisciplinary cooperation, emphasized at Aalto, is not that self-evident in the Mitsubishi organization or in Japanese society. However, at Pärssinen's projects communication worked well.

‘Our team’s business expert realized that the multidisciplinary collaboration we cherished in the small team was beneficial and thus, he thought, in the future, there should actually be an attempt to bring together the views of experts in different fields.’

The pace of work in Pärssinen's projects was mostly dynamic. He also got to follow a slower-pace, cautious development project: The Home Appliances team researched and developed a refrigerator door handle throughout his entire training period, and made numerous versions of it.

Pärssinen says the office life and colleagues were nice. The working days were eight hours and the work was not too hard. One could work freely, take breaks and choose where to sit. There was also a lot of social interaction with the colleagues outside working hours: there always seemed to be a good reason to organize some after work party.

Language difficulties and high hierarchy

An everyday trouble was the language issue. The internship was meant for an ‘international English-speaking intern’, but according to Pärssinen, skills in Japanese would have been beneficial. The language used in meetings and presentations was mostly Japanese, so those not understanding Japanese were always dependent on someone interpreting.

There was also a strong hierarchy in the organization: sometimes it seemed that the work was being done just for the sake of it, and self-initiativeness and questioning were not appreciated or encouraged. The ways of communicating were also quite cautious everywhere, so people didn't dare to express their own ideas, not even in workshops and teams.

‘It was only there that I realized how important cross disciplinary cooperation is’, says Pärssinen.

He appreciates having the opportunity to see what the role of a designer is in a large industrial company, even though it turned out to be a bit tricky one. In the future, Janne Pärssinen is interested in working in a smaller company where his role could be wide and varied.

‘Of course, a designer must always understand the business limitations and the prerequisites for industrial design production. You also have to be a multi-talent with an ability to combine different perspectives.’

Pärssinen has a bachelor's degree in design and this is his final year at the COID master's program. His goal is to graduate during 2020. In the near future, he is interested in working as a designer on a wide spectrum – not just with the door handle of a refrigerator, but also something bigger on the system level.

Also Japan is a place of interest. Pärssinen was able to tour the country with the Japan Rail Pass somewhat, but a lot remained still uncovered.

Founded in 1921, Mitsubishi Electric is a Japanese company that produces electrical products and equipment, industrial automation, household products, communication systems, solar cells and satellites. The company is part of the Mitsubishi Group.

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Master's Programme in Collaborative and Industrial Design

The Master’s programme in Collaborative and Industrial Design (CoID) focuses on the role of design in society. It provides skills to work as design entrepreneurs and in a range of roles within industry, business, communities, education and the government.

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