Department of Bioproducts and Biosystems

Wood Chemistry

The group is led by Professor Tapani Vuorinen and specializes in the chemistry and structure of wood, the mechanisms and kinetics of chemical reactions of wood components, and the use of vibrational spectroscopy in studying plant materials and their chemical reactions.
Wood acetate by Yesul Woo
Woodacetate by Yesul Woo, photo:Eeva Suorlahti

Our research projects:

1. CHEMARTS & DWoC 2.0

CHEMARTS is a long-term strategic collaboration between two Aalto University schools, The School of Chemical Technology (Aalto CHEM) and The School of Arts, Design and Architecture (Aalto ARTS). Read more about CHEMARTS here.

Design Driven Value Chains In The World Of Cellulose (DWoC) is a multidisciplinary research collaboration project focused on finding new & innovative applications for cellulosic materials. Read more about the DWoC research collaboration here.

2. Catalytic Bleaching

Pulp bleaching is a fundamentally important part of a modern state-of-the-art pulp mill. The work carried out within the Wood Chemistry research group concentrates on completely new catalytic pulp bleaching innovations which could potentially lead to sizeable economic and environmental benefits due to reduced raw material and energy needs.

3. Utilization of Willow Bark

Traditionally willow (Salix) has been studied mainly as an energy crop for the combined heat and power generation. The Wood Chemistry research group is conducting research on the alternative uses of willow bark with extremely interesting and promising results. The work is currently focusing on the chemical structure of the willow bark and its fractination to extractives and fibers.

4. Cell Wall Reactivity

Doctoral candidates from the Wood Chemistry research group are taking part in a research program focusing on the development of advanced scientific methods for analyzing cellulose fiber reactivity. Work carried out within this topic include accessibility measurements based on dynamic vapour sorption (DVS) with deuterium oxide (D2O) exchange as well as work on the reactivity of cellulose fibers with iodometric titration duting TEMPO+-mediated oxidation.

5. Cell Wall Structure

The cell wall structure studies carried out in the Wood Chemistry research group aim at revealing the wood ultrastucture i.e. the organization & distribution of subcellular components such as cellulose and lignin. The ultrastructure of wood has a huge influence on the various processes that are used to transform wood into different products as the tight arrangement of cell components limit their accessibility in different chemical and mechanical treatments.

6. Raman Spectroscopy

The Wood Chemistry research group of Professor Tapani Vuorinen is pioneering the utilization of the optical UV-Raman imaging to study the structure of cell wall in combination with highly advanced mathematical and computational modelling.

7. Modeling of Pulping & Bleaching

The extensive work carried out within the wood chemistry research group on modeling of pulping and bleaching processes has resulted in e.g. the development of a pulp bleaching model which is a powerful tool for scientists and engineers alike.

Research group members:

Related content:

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A dip in the biobased liquid gives cucumbers a protective film. Innovative idea will be presented in the international BioDesign Challenge competition.

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Nordic Biomaterials with CHEMARTS – Small steps for change are valuable

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Professors Markus Linder and Tapani Vuorinen invited to the Finnish Academy of Science and Letters

Professor of Biomolecular Materials Markus Linder and Professor of Wood Chemistry Tapani Vuorinen from the School of Chemical Engineering at Aalto University have been elected as new members of the Finnish Academy of Science and Letters.

Aalto logo

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Winning team brainstorming new ideas for paper roll packaging. Photo: Veera Eskelin, UPM

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Catalyst could help bleach pulp in seconds

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Catalyst could help bleach pulp in seconds photo: Heidi-Hanna Karhu

Latest publications:

Wood lignocellulosic stabilizers: effect of their characteristics on stability and rheological properties of emulsions

Thao Minh Ho, Felix Abik, Sami Hietala, Estefania Isaza Ferro, Leena Pitkänen, Dennis W. Juhl, Thomas Vosegaard, Petri O. Kilpeläinen, Kirsi S. Mikkonen 2023 Cellulose

Stoichiometry of reactions of ozone and hypochlorous acid with lignin and hexenuronic acid and its chlorination

Estefania Isaza Ferro, Kyösti Ruuttunen, Jari J. Koivisto, Jordan Perrin, Tapani Vuorinen 2023 Cellulose

Effect of pulp prehydrolysis conditions on dissolution and regenerated cellulose pore structure

Antti Koistinen, Josphat Phiri, Kavindra Kesari, Tapani Vuorinen, Thaddeus Maloney 2023 Cellulose

Signaling pathways in metabolic dysregulation in solid tumors

Kirti Agrawal, Saniya Arfin, Manish K. Mishra, Sitaram Harihar, Kavindra Kumar Kesari, Shubhadeep Roychoudhury, Dhruv Kumar 2022 Autophagy and Metabolism

Cellular landscaping of cisplatin resistance in cervical cancer

Rahul Bhattacharjee, Tanima Dey, Lamha Kumar, Sulagna Kar, Ritayan Sarkar, Mimosa Ghorai, Sumira Malik, Niraj Kumar Jha, Balachandar Vellingiri, Kavindra Kumar Kesari, José M. Pérez de la Lastra, Abhijit Dey 2022 Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy

Mechanistic role of HPV-associated early proteins in cervical cancer

Rahul Bhattacharjee, Sabya Sachi Das, Smruti Sudha Biswal, Arijit Nath, Debangshi Das, Asmita Basu, Sumira Malik, Lamha Kumar, Sulagna Kar, Sandeep Kumar Singh, Vijay Jagdish Upadhye, Danish Iqbal, Suliman Almojam, Shubhadeep Roychoudhury, Shreesh Ojha, Janne Ruokolainen, Niraj Kumar Jha, Kavindra Kumar Kesari 2022 Critical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology

Arsenic-Induced Sex Hormone Disruption: An Insight into Male Infertility

Birupakshya Paul Choudhury, Shubhadeep Roychoudhury, Pallav Sengupta, Robert Toman, Sulagna Dutta, Kavindra Kumar Kesari 2022 Oxidative Stress and Toxicity in Reproductive Biology and Medicine

Bacteriospermia and Male Infertility: Role of Oxidative Stress

Sandipan Das, Shubhadeep Roychoudhury, Anwesha Dey, Niraj Kumar Jha, Dhruv Kumar, Shatabhisha Roychoudhury, Petr Slama, Kavindra Kumar Kesari 2022 Oxidative Stress and Toxicity in Reproductive Biology and Medicine

Food-Grade Quercetin-Loaded Nanoemulsion Ameliorates Effects Associated with Parkinson’s Disease and Cancer: Studies Employing a Transgenic C. elegans Model and Human Cancer Cell Lines

Sabya Sachi Das, Arunabh Sarkar, Siva Chander Chabattula, Priya Ranjan Prasad Verma, Aamir Nazir, Piyush Kumar Gupta, Janne Ruokolainen, Kavindra Kumar Kesari, Sandeep Kumar Singh 2022 Antioxidants

Principal Component and Path Analysis for Trait Selection Based on the Assessment of Diverse Lentil Populations Developed by Gamma-Irradiated Physical Mutation

Sandip Debnath, Abhik Sarkar, Kahkashan Perveen, Najat A. Bukhari, Kavindra Kumar Kesari, Amit Verma, Nihar Ranjan Chakraborty, Mulugeta Tesema 2022 BIOMED RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL
More information on our research in the Research database.
Research database
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