Department of Applied Physics

Nanomagnetism and Spintronics (NanoSpin)

The Nanomagnetism and Spintronics (NanoSpin) Group focuses on experimental studies of magnetic, magneto-optical, and spin-transport phenomena in new functional materials and hybrid nanoscale structures.
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Our Research

Our group works on new nanoscale phenomena and materials for future memory and analogue computing technologies. In particular, we are interested in approaches that can be disruptive to the field. We study new control mechanisms of magnetism involving low-power electric fields and ultrafast light pulses. We also are working towards deterministic manipulation of spin waves, transport and switching of topological skyrmions, and frustration by design in artificial spin ice lattices. For cognitive computing, we develop new electronic and optoelectronic materials that emulate biological synapses and neurons.

We are a multidisciplinary and experimental research group. Our laboratory houses dedicated equipment for material growth, lithography, and structural, magnetic, and electronic transport characterization. As a frontier technique, we operate an in-situ transmission electron microscopy measurement platform for atomic-resolution imaging under varying irradiation, heating, electric-field, and straining conditions.


Group leader

Professor Sebastiaan van Dijken


E-Field Control of Magnetism

Leveraging strain transfer in multiferroic heterostructures or reversible ion migration in metal/oxide bilayers and complex oxides we seek to control magnetism by low-power voltage pulses in thin magnetic films and nanostructures.

Department of Applied Physics


Using ferromagnetic/ferroelectric bilayers and patterned yttrium iron garnet films we investigate new mechanisms for short-wavelength spin-wave excitation and active spin-wave manipulation.

Department of Applied Physics

Magnetic Skyrmions

We investigate the formation, annihilation, switching, and controlled motion of magnetic skyrmions in ultrathin perpendicularly magnetized heterostructures using electric fields.

Department of Applied Physics


By design of plasmonic excitations in ferromagnetic metamaterials we tailor their magneto-optical response.

Department of Applied Physics

Artifcial Spin Ice

Utilizing frustration by design in 2D and 3D lattices of single-domain Ising-type nanomagnets we explore the real-time dynamics of magnetic excitations in artificial spin ice systems.

Department of Applied Physics

Cognitive Computing

Using a variety of memristive electronic and optoelectronic oxide elements we emulate the functions of synapses and neurons in the brain.

Department of Applied Physics

In-Situ TEM

Leveraging special specimen holders and a double Cs-corrected transmission electron microscope (TEM) we are imaging nanomaterials under varying electrical biasing and heating conditions.

Department of Applied Physics

Latest publications

Lithium-Ion Battery Technology for Voltage Control of Perpendicular Magnetization

Maria Ameziane, Rhodri Mansell, Ville Havu, Patrick Rinke, Sebastiaan van Dijken 2022 Advanced Functional Materials

Magnetic on–off switching of a plasmonic laser

Francisco Freire-Fernández, Javier Cuerda, Konstantinos S. Daskalakis, Sreekanth Perumbilavil, Jani Petri Martikainen, Kristian Arjas, Päivi Törmä, Sebastiaan van Dijken 2022 Nature Photonics

Tuning of Magnetic Damping in Y3Fe5O12/Metal Bilayers for Spin-Wave Conduit Termination

Adam Krysztofik, Nikolai Kuznetsov, Huajun Qin, Lukáš Flajšman, Emerson Coy, Sebastiaan van Dijken 2022 Materials

Direct observation of a dynamical glass transition in a nanomagnetic artificial Hopfield network

Michael Saccone, Francesco Caravelli, Kevin Hofhuis, Sergii Parchenko, Yorick A. Birkhölzer, Scott Dhuey, Armin Kleibert, Sebastiaan van Dijken, Cristiano Nisoli, Alan Farhan 2022 Nature Physics

Zero-field routing of spin waves in a multiferroic heterostructure

Weijia Zhu, Huajun Qin, Lukáš Flajšman, Tomoyasu Taniyama, Sebastiaan Van Dijken 2022 Applied Physics Letters

Roadmap on Spin-Wave Computing

A. V. Chumak, P. Kabos, M. Wu, C. Abert, C. Adelmann, A. Adeyeye, J. Akerman, F. G. Aliev, A. Anane, A. Awad, C. H. Back, A. Barman, G. E.W. Bauer, M. Becherer, E. N. Beginin, V. A.S.V. Bittencourt, Y. M. Blanter, P. Bortolotti, I. Boventer, D. A. Bozhko, S. A. Bunyaev, J. J. Carmiggelt, R. R. Cheenikundil, F. Ciubotaru, S. Cotofana, G. Csaba, O. V. Dobrovolskiy, C. Dubs, M. Elyasi, K. G. Fripp, H. Fulara, I. A. Golovchanskiy, C. Gonzalez-Ballestero, P. Graczyk, D. Grundler, P. Gruszecki, G. Gubbiotti, K. Guslienko, A. Haldar, S. Hamdioui, R. Hertel, B. Hillebrands, T. Hioki, A. Houshang, C. M. Hu, H. Huebl, M. Huth, E. Iacocca, M. B. Jungfleisch, G. N. Kakazei, A. Khitun, R. Khymyn, T. Kikkawa, M. Klaui, O. Klein, J. W. Klos, S. Knauer, S. Koraltan, M. Kostylev, M. Krawczyk, I. N. Krivorotov, V. V. Kruglyak, D. Lachance-Quirion, S. Ladak, R. Lebrun, Y. Li, M. Lindner, R. Macedo, S. Mayr, G. A. Melkov, S. Mieszczak, Y. Nakamura, H. T. Nembach, A. A. Nikitin, S. A. Nikitov, V. Novosad, J. A. Otalora, Y. Otani, A. Papp, B. Pigeau, P. Pirro, W. Porod, F. Porrati, H. Qin, B. Rana, T. Reimann, F. Riente, O. Romero-Isart, A. Ross, A. V. Sadovnikov, A. R. Safin, E. Saitoh, G. Schmidt, H. Schultheiss, K. Schultheiss, A. A. Serga, S. Sharma, J. M. Shaw, D. Suess, O. Surzhenko, K. Szulc, T. Taniguchi, M. Urbanek, K. Usami, A. B. Ustinov, T. Van der Sar, S. Van Dijken, V. I. Vasyuchka, R. Verba, S. Viola Kusminskiy, Qi Wang, M. Weides, M. Weiler, S. Wintz, S. P. Wolski, X. Zhang 2022 IEEE Transactions on Magnetics

Bioinspired multisensory neural network with crossmodal integration and recognition

Hongwei Tan, Yifan Zhou, Quanzheng Tao, Johanna Rosen, Sebastiaan van Dijken 2021 Nature Communications

Voltage control of skyrmions

Yifan Zhou, Rhodri Mansell, Sebastiaan van Dijken 2021 Applied Physics Letters

Thermal motion of skyrmion arrays in granular films

Yifan Zhou, Rhodri Mansell, Tapio Ala-Nissila, Sebastiaan Van Dijken 2021 Physical Review B
More information on our research in the Research database.
Research database
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