Open science and research

Open content licences - Creative Commons

CC licences let creators and copyright owners give permission in advance for certain uses of their material. The various licence terms define the ways in which users can legally share, modify, or build upon a copyrighted work without the need to ask the owner/ creator for permission. 

CC licences are globally recognized and used for open academic publishing and sharing of research data. 

Every CC licence ensures that creators get credit for their work.  

Once granted, a CC licence cannot be withdrawn from someone who is already reusing your work under the licence, so think carefully before attaching a CC licence to your work.

CC licences and publications

  • Aalto University recommends CC BY for publications unless the publisher recommends another licence.

CC licences and research data

  • When publicly funded research data is published in a data repository, CC BY 4.0 is compulsory, compliant with the requirements defined in Open data directive, and implemented in Finland with the national law Laki julkisin varoin tuotettujen tutkimusaineistojen uudelleenkäytöstä. The attribution term of CC BY 4.0 licence ensures, that creators of research data are credited.
  • Researchers can also choose CC0 1.0 Universal waiver and ask to be credited. With a waiver the attribution is not a binding licence term, so attribution stacking can be avoided in cases of data being combined from multiple sources.
  • For research data that is not publicly funded, Aalto recommends the CC BY 4.0 licence, but other licences can be chosen to fulfil the goals of research work, funders' requirements, publishing agreement requirements and publishers' data availability policies.
  • For research data that is not publicly funded, dual licencing can be utilised in cases where the goal is selling commercial licences in addition to distributing a licence allowing only academic and other non-commercial uses.

How to choose a CC licence (in Aalto University Visual Resources Centre guide, based on Tarmo Toikkanen's image)

More information: Maria Rehbinder, [email protected], +358505703396.

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