Nils Erik Wickberg Lectures 2022: Architecture, Society and Circular Economy
Architecture, Society and Circular Economy
Our planet faces increasing, tangible consequences of climate emergence, mass extinction and depletion of natural resources. Circular Economy (CE) has gained a growing foothold in policymaking, academic research, and practical projects in all parts of society from consumer goods to energy systems. In the built environment, the concept aims at narrowing, slowing, and closing resource loops by avoiding new construction, prolonging the life cycle of buildings, and reusing building materials.
In architecture, the new circular design paradigm, to gain a larger foothold, is dependent on a larger change in culture and values, not only technology and calculations. Climate change has been compared to the industrial revolution in its power to affect society. On the other hand, the design practice and research may situate themselves at the forefront, to catalyse change. In the course of history, architecture has symbolized current regimes while predicting forthcoming change.
The shortest version of the “imperatives of circular economy” is threefold: refuse, reuse and recycle, and they can all be interpreted and implemented in architecture. In refusing, the existing buildings will not be valued solely according to their historical and cultural values against monetary incentives behind demolition, but also by taking into account the embedded natural resources and energy. Reuse engages various scales; reusing buildings as such, or from utilizing the structural frame to relocating bigger or smaller components. The last, recycling, retains the least value of material while being the easiest option, as we may see in how concrete ends up as crushed low-value material for road construction.
In Nils Erik Wickberg Lectures 2022, circularity will be approached from the viewpoints of architectural history, theory and future practices. Critical views will be shed on the connections of modern and contemporary architecture to consumption, novelty and waste. Pioneers and future makers of circular architecture will open how the new practice differs from how we understand architectural design and its aesthetics today.
Acte I (chair Panu Savolainen)
13:00 Panu Savolainen, Professor (tt), History of Architecture, Aalto University
Welcome and Prolegomena
13:15 Antti Lehto, Professor (tt), Housing design, Aalto University
The new paradigm of Circular Architecture
13:30 Ella Müller, Architect
Modern architecture and waste – a historical perspective
14:00 Iida Kalakoski, Architect, university teacher, Tampere University
Built Heritage and Circular Economy
14:30 Coffee at the lobby
Acte II (chair Antti lehto)
14:30 Havu Järvelä, Architect
Recycled block of flats
15.00 Tina Ekener, Architect, baubüro in situ, Basel
Building with the existing: reuse in Architecture
16:15 Daniel Abramson, Professor, History of Art & Architecture, Boston University
17:30 Drinks and snacks