Department of Chemistry and Materials Science

Nanochemistry and Nanoengineering

We, NanoChem & NanoEng Group, put forward innovative research and development in the field of nanotechnology under the umbrella of sustainability and environment-friendliness, so that the group designs, synthesizes, and engineers out-of-the-box green nanotechnological solutions to tackle the world's current crises in the sectors of energy, environment, and life science.
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Utilizing wet chemistry e.g. the Leidenfrost technique, electrospinning, physical vapor deposition, biogenic approaches and a combination thereof, we devise advanced nanomaterials as neat and composite. Such multifunctional materials are exploited for energy saving, advanced coating, plasmonic and photonic metasurfaces, water purification e.g. via solar irradiation as well as sensing and nanomedicine. Our works are interdisciplinary and thus multi-institutional and on an international scale.

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Brief about the research topics:

1) The Leidenfrost chemistry:

The hydrodynamic chemistry at the Leidenfrost condition is utilized as a novel and unique nanochemistry discipline. In this area of research, we focus on the production of nanoparticles of different materials (metals, metal-oxides, and bio-minerals) in different sizes and morphologies. For this sake, we have established a novel green nano-synthesis approach, which is fast, cost-effective and simple, to produce large quantities of quasi-monodisperse particles in a controlled manner. Our aim has been an environmentally friendly fabrication of nanoparticles for potential applications of catalysis, photonics, sensing, and biomedicine

2) Bionanoengineering:

The ability to control the fine structure of materials on the nanoscale provides an unprecedented opportunity to develop new and improved biologically active materials.  At this level, human cells, as well as microorganisms, can interact with materials on their own terms, i.e. they can manipulate themselves mechanically around nanostructures or interact with them chemically through individual biomolecules. 

We explore these phenomena progressing at the bio-nano interface to develop new technologies and devices for recognition (biosensing), prevention (antimicrobial agents) and therapy. Our research has several main facets;  1) studying the effects of nanoparticles’ size and morphology on the cellular uptake for direct therapeutic effects as well as for drug delivery, and 2) using nanoengineered materials for rebuilding or augmenting human tissues, through tunable cellular growth on surfaces and for killing harmful microorganisms.

3) Functional Bionanocomposites:

Nature has a wide variety of fascinating and unique structures and functions that are worth learning from and applying their principles in an artificial manner. Bioinspired synthesis of nanomaterials is an attractive field for nanochemists. Recently, there has been an increased interest in the synthesis of nanocolloids and bionancomposite systems in a biomineralization-like fashion. However, making such hybrids in a controlled manner and on a large scale has yet to be explored thoroughly.  Mimicking the bio-functions is our ultimate goal. We are interested in understanding some of the basic principles of biological architectures to mimic their structure and function. This comprehension is vital in the design of hierarchical, multifunctional bio‑nanocomposites with tailored smart responses.

4) Plasmonic and Photonic devices based on ultrathin metasurfaces:

Solar energy is more favorable than any other source of energy because it is clean and inexhaustible. In the field of plasmonics and photonics, much attention has been paid to the novel approaches of concentration and manipulation of light to improve the absorption and/or transmission of optical devices. Such devices are urgently needed for a wide variety of energy applications ranging from transparent electrodes and energy-saving windows to solar energy absorbers, thermoelectrics, and photovoltaics.

5) Functional Electrospun Nanofibers for advanced applications:

The electrospinning technique is a well-known process for making continuous sub-micron to nano-size fibers in a nonwoven mat form. Such thin fibers provide unexpectedly high surface area to volume ratios and are of interest for many applications ranging from textile to composite reinforcement, biomaterials, membranes, and sensors. As a result of their high interconnected porosity (>90%) and tunable pore size, electrospun nanofibrous mats show an extraordinary permeability and selectivity thereby a very high potential for filtration applications as a membrane. In our group, we aim to develop functional electrospun nanofibrous membranes for a diverse range of applications including water treatment and gas filtration.

Latest publications

School services, CHEM, Nanochemistry and Nanoengineering, Department of Chemistry and Materials Science
Publishing year: 2019 ADVANCED OPTICAL MATERIALS
Nanochemistry and Nanoengineering, Department of Chemistry and Materials Science
Publishing year: 2019 MICROPOROUS AND MESOPOROUS MATERIALS
Department of Chemistry and Materials Science, Nanochemistry and Nanoengineering
Publishing year: 2019 Chemical Communications
Nanochemistry and Nanoengineering, Department of Chemistry and Materials Science
Publishing year: 2019 Nanomaterials
Nanochemistry and Nanoengineering, Department of Chemistry and Materials Science
Publishing year: 2019 Carbohydrate Polymers
Nanochemistry and Nanoengineering, Department of Chemistry and Materials Science
Publishing year: 2019 ADVANCED OPTICAL MATERIALS
Department of Chemistry and Materials Science, Nanochemistry and Nanoengineering
Publishing year: 2019 Nanomaterials
Nanochemistry and Nanoengineering, Department of Chemistry and Materials Science, Department of Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering
Publishing year: 2019 ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
School services, CHEM, Nanochemistry and Nanoengineering, Department of Chemistry and Materials Science, Inorganic Materials Chemistry, Physical Charactristics of Surfaces and Interfaces, Advanced and functional Materials
Publishing year: 2018 Advanced Materials Interfaces
Department of Chemistry and Materials Science, Nanochemistry and Nanoengineering
Publishing year: 2018 JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION
More information on our research in the Research database.
Research database
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