Aalto University

Prepare for the future of work

Work is becoming disconnected from time, place and employment. This transformation of work has many consequences on the individual. How can you prepare for the future of work?
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Knowledge work is no longer as tightly tied to traditional working times, workplaces or forms of employment. As a result, the boundaries between work and life are blurring, hybrid and remote work are becoming more common, cognitive demands are increasing and careers are becoming more fragmented.

Some of the changes in the world of work bring more flexibility and freedom but they also assume greater individual responsibility. Three key challenges for individuals in dealing with these changes are:

  1. How to develop future skills & employability?
  2. How to cope with overwhelming demands of complex knowledge work?
  3. How to build holistic wellbeing in time- and location-independent work?

Develop future skills

With technologies take over a broader range of physical and intellectual tasks, linear and routine forms of cognitive work become less common. As a consequence, knowledge work is becoming more complex and technical, and require more creative thinking, problem-solving, and interdependency.

Experts are talking about “future skills”, but there is some disagreement on what precisely these future skills are. The most important future skills are likely to include both hard (i.e. digital and technical) and soft (i.e. creative and social) skills. No matter what, the need for proactive and lifewide learning is necessary.


Reflect on the kinds of hard and soft skills and competencies you are likely to need in the future, and why.


To reflect on the other challenges of the future of work see here:

Build holistic wellbeing

Cope with increasing demands

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