News

The majority of Finland's ICT emissions are generated outside our borders – So our reporting must be adjusted

It is difficult for companies and consumers to obtain information on the environmental impact of information technology. Researchers recommend unified, cross-boarder reporting obligations for the ICT sector.
Drawing of people using their smart phones.

The information technology sector, as well as the use of IT in other sectors, is growing dramatically, at an annual rate of up to 30%. At the same time, its annual carbon dioxide emissions have already grown higher than those of air traffic.

Video content already accounts for almost 80% of total data traffic and is continuing to grow. The increasing screen time of consumers and the shift to higher image quality is one important factor in the global growth of the sector’s electricity consumption.

Within the next ten years, the ICT sector's share of the world's annual electricity consumption is expected to reach at least 6 and up to 14 per cent.

"Although the electricity consumption of Finland's ICT sector accounts for about 1-2% of the country’s total consumption, this figure does not adequately describe the climate and environmental impacts resulting from the use of digital services.  A significant share - if not the majority - of the digital services used on a daily by Finnish organisations and consumers on are produced in data-centres located abroad, which means that the resulting energy consumption and corresponding climate and environmental impacts will be taking place elsewhere than Finland,” explains Professor of Practice Timo Seppälä from Aalto University.

Achieving climate targets requires transparent information on the sector’s electricity consumption

Finland's target of carbon neutrality by 2035 will require cuts in the emissions of all sectors. The importance of the ICT sector in achieving emission cuts has been estimated to be extensive. However, the available information on the estimated and actual emission reductions is incomplete and as of yet there is no uniform way to measure cuts.

There is no uniform, systematic method for reporting the sector’s electricity consumption or climate and environmental impacts internationally. This is even more challenging due to the fact that production of services is geographically decentralised and an individual operator - a company or a citizen -  cannot know where in reality the digital services are produced and how environmentally friendly the production process is.

"Without comprehensive and transparent information on the sector’s electricity consumption, it will not be possible to reliably assess or regulate the development of the ICT sector and its significance in the achievement of climate and environmental targets," says Research Fellow Kari Hiekkanen from Aalto University. 

Researchers recommend that decision-makers undertake the following measures to improve the situation:

  • In order to provide reliable and transparent information on the development of the sector at national level, reporting obligations must be created for the Finnish ICT sector and its electricity use.
  • Uniform, cross-border practices for reporting on energy efficiency and climate and environmental impacts in the ICT sector must be promoted at the level of the EU and internationally.

The policy brief created by the research consortium Digital Disruption of Industry is available in Finnish. You can view and download it from below. 

Read also the ETLA report on Energy and Electricity Consumption of the Information Economy Sector in Finland published on 7 January, 2021. This report analyzes the energy and electricity consumption of the Finnish information economy sector from 2011 until 2018. Link to the report

Contact

Kari Hiekkanen
Research Fellow, Aalto University
Tel. +358 50 5730 389
[email protected]

Timo Seppälä
Leading Researcher, Etla
Professor of Practice, Aalto University
Tel. +358 46 851 0500
[email protected]

  • Published:
  • Updated:
Share
URL copied!

Read more news

Elderly people spending time outdoors in the yard and garden, a student work Outdoors by Luiza Sevele
Research & Art, Studies Published:

Flexibility and community support for people with memory problems

What are the future housing solutions for people with memory decline, and what should they be?
Aalto_University_Industrial_Internet_AIIC_alynosturi_Smart_Crane_13-1-2017_photo_Mikko_Raskinen_009.jpg
Research & Art Published:

Teaching and Research infrastructure – Aalto University School of Engineering

Creating sustainable solutions requires up-to-date infrastructure. School of Engineering has cutting-edge infrastructure for research, teaching and innovation, including unique, nationally significant research facilities.
Suomen Akatemia
Research & Art Published:

Changes to the Open Access Publishing Requirements of the Academy of Finland

The Academy of Finland has announced it will require Plan S compliant immediate open access publishing from projects that have received funding from calls opened 1.1.2021 onwards.
Learning Centre, Main lobby
Research & Art Published:

Renovation of the service desk is starting in Harald Herlin Learning Centre

The service desk is going under renovation starting from 27 June. We apologize for the noise.