News

Solar heating could cover more than 80% of domestic heating requirements in Nordic countries

Solar energy offers economically sensible solutions for the collection of heating energy, and for the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions.
In the Helsinki Eko-Viikki housing area, nine properties have been equipped with solar heating systems for producing heat for water heating systems and, in a few of the houses, for underfloor heating. From the solar panels, the accumulated heat is conducted to an insulated water tank functioning as a thermal storage. Picture: Helen Oy

According to researchers at Aalto University, by using suitable systems, more than 80% of heating energy for Finnish households could be produced using solar energy. As the price of heating energy obtained from solar heating systems needed to be competitive with the currently used heating alternatives, calculations made by researchers showed that renewable energy could be used to cover 53–81% of annual domestic heating energy consumption depending on the technical implementation method.

'In principle, this result is also valid for Sweden, Norway and other locations at the same latitudes. Of course, local conditions have some effect on this,' says Hassam ur Rehman, a doctoral candidate at Aalto University.

The researchers calculated the amount of solar heat obtained for heating the households when excess energy was stored for use during cold periods. The researchers calculated the amount of heat obtained for practical use when energy for heating households was accumulated using solar heating and the accumulated heat was stored for use during cold periods. In their calculations, the researchers studied the use of both above-ground water storage tanks for short-term heat storage and a borehole storage suited for seasonal storage. The results depended on the method of how the heat pumps and the water storage tanks and the borehole storage for storing heat were used together.

The heating of buildings is one of the largest sources of carbon dioxide emissions in Europe. In the EU, this heating takes up 40% of all energy consumption. 

'In Finland, more than 80% of the energy consumption in households goes to heating buildings and water, and this is on the increase. Solar energy offers economically sensible solutions for the collection of energy for this purpose, and for the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions, especially in southern Finland where the majority of the population lives,' says Kai Sirén, Professor at Aalto University.

The decrease in prices has already made solar energy a viable alternative in the energy market in the Nordic countries as well. For example, in Denmark, the use of solar energy in district heat production has rapidly increased.

Sirén feels that it is important to continue the research work, which will require measurement results on a system built and implemented in Finland.

'We are talking about a computational result which includes factors of uncertainty even if the initial values have been carefully selected and the simulations conducted meticulously,' Sirén reminds us.

Additional information:

Kai Sirén, Professor School of Engineering, Aalto University Tel. +358 40 5741871 [email protected]

Photographs for media use: https://www.dropbox.com/sh/aykon70wo2d5omn/AADsGcHAdz1YjqJEdQNq2lfva?dl=0 Captions:

Article: Hassam ur Rehman, Janne Hirvonen, Kai Sirén: A long-term performance analysis of three different configurations for community-sized solar heating systems in high latitudes. Renewable Energy 113 (2017) 479-493.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2017.06.017

 

  • Published:
  • Updated:
Share
URL copied!

Related news

Large arena filled with a crowd watching a game of DOTA2 projected on big screens
Research & Art Published:

Digital athletics in analogue stadiums

Researchers study why people watch computer gamers live
Julia Lohmann's Department of Seaweed at WEF. Photo: Mikko Raskinen
Research & Art Published:

Julia Lohmann: ‘We know too much and do too little.’

Lohmann’s magnificent seaweed pavilion encourages leaders to make difficult decisions and establish a ‘do-tank’ way of collaborating at the 50th World Economic Forum in Davos.
Students in the Aalto University Learning Centre / photo by Unto Rautio
Research & Art Published:

Tutkain 2020-2022 project provides Finnish digital newspapers and magazines for research use

Researchers will be able to use Finnish newspapers and magazines from 1930–2018 digitised by the National Library.
Metsähovi Radio Observatory, Joni Tammi
Research & Art Published:

Three fascinating facts about space – which mystery would space researcher Joni Tammi like to understand?

When Joni Tammi was on the first grade, he gave his first school presentation about stars. It started a journey that led to a career in space research. But what was the brainwave he got during his studies on a course taught by astronomer Esko Valtaoja?