News

New microscope sets a record for visualizing surface wetting properties

The microscope is 1000 times more precise than current techniques, allowing the creation of wetting maps as a new concept for hydrophobic surface characterization.
Microscope droplet probe on a butterfly wing

Wetting is an everyday phenomenon that represents how well liquid spreads on a surface. When water comes into contact with an extremely water-repellent, or ‘superhydrophobic’ surface, droplets bead up and roll off easily. Aalto University researchers have developed a measurement technique called Scanning Droplet Adhesion Microscopy (SDAM) to understand and characterize the wetting properties of superhydrophobic materials.

“Our novel microscope will promote the understanding of how wetting emerges from surface microstructures. The measuring instrument can also detect microscopic defects of the surface, which could allow coating manufacturers to control the quality of materials. Defects in self-cleaning, anti-icing, anti-fogging, anti-corrosion or anti-biofouling products can impeach the functional integrity of the whole surface,” explains Professor Robin Ras from Aalto University School of Science.

SDAM is extremely sensitive and 1000 times more precise than the current state-of-the-art wetting characterization methods. It also has the ability to measure minuscule features and inconsistencies of surfaces with microscale resolution. Existing instruments for measuring droplet adhesion forces only detect forces down to a micronewton level – not sensitive enough for superhydrophobic surfaces.

“We have used a droplet of water to measure the water-repellent properties of a surface by recording the very tiny nanonewton force when the droplet touches the surface and when it separates from the surface. By measuring on many locations with micrometer spacing between the measurement points, we can construct a two-dimensional image of the surface’s repellency, called a wetting map,” explains Professor Quan Zhou from Aalto University School of Electrical Engineering.

Wetting maps are a new concept for hydrophobic surface characterization and open a window for investigating structure-property relationships in surface wetting.

Up to now, ‘contact angle measurement’ has been the typical method of measuring wetting properties of surfaces. It is prone to inaccuracies, though, for surfaces that are highly repellent to liquid. Unlike contact angle measurement, SDAM does not require a direct line of sight, which allows measuring uneven surfaces such as fabrics or biological surfaces. SDAM can also detect wetting properties of microscopic functional features that were previously very hard to measure. Those microscopic features are important in many biochips, chemical sensors and microelectromechanical components and systems.

The research is conducted by an interdisciplinary team from three schools of Aalto University: School of Electrical Engineering, School of Science, and School of Chemical Engineering. The researchers involved in the study are Ville Liimatainen, Maja Vuckovac, Ville Jokinen, Veikko Sariola, Matti Hokkanen, Quan Zhou and Robin Ras.

More information:

The article "Mapping microscale wetting variations on biological and synthetic water-repellent surfaces" has been published today in Nature Communications.

Liimatainen V., Vuckovac M., Jokinen V., Sariola V., Hokkanen M., Zhou Q., Ras R.H.A.
Mapping microscale wetting variations on biological and synthetic water-repellent surfaces
Nature Communications (2017) 1798. 
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-01510-7

Robin Ras
Professor
Aalto University
Department of Applied Physics & Department of Bioproducts and Biosystems
[email protected]
tel. +358 50 432 6633
http://physics.aalto.fi/smw

Quan Zhou
Professor
Aalto University
Department of Electrical Engineering and Automation
[email protected]
tel. +358 40 855 0311
http://eea.aalto.fi/en/research/micronanorobotics/

  • Published:
  • Updated:
Share
URL copied!

Read more news

Logo
Cooperation, Press releases, University Published:

The higher education community of the Helsinki metropolitan area gets together: EveryMoveCounts-campaign starts!

The goal of the EveryMoveCounts-campaign is to increase the students’ awareness of the benefits of daily movement for their well-being.
Päivi Törmä ja Sebastiaan van Dijken
Press releases, Research & Art Published:

Guiding spin waves with light could lead to faster and much more energy efficient computing

Major new research project at Aalto University aims to develop new type of computing device that eliminates massive amounts of waste heat produced by current devices
Physicists at Aalto University and VTT have developed a new detector for measuring energy quanta at unprecedented resolution. Photo: Aalto University
Press releases Published:

Researchers will use the world’s most accurate radiation detector in quantum computers

Professor Mikko Möttönen’s team and their partners have acquired funding to refine the bolometer technology for use not only in quantum computers but also in ultralow-temperature (ULT) freezers and terahertz cameras. The funding is from the Future Makers Funding Program by Technology Industries Finland Centennial Foundation and by Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation. This would be the first time ever that this bolometer is utilized for practical applications.
Schematic view of the entangled photon generator. Picture: Ethan D. Minot.
Press releases Published:

Groundbreaking light sources can increase effectiveness and security of transferring quantum information

Researchers at Aalto University plan to build a revolutionary LED light source to generate entangled photon pairs. The research group led by Professor Pertti Hakonen has received three-year funding from the Future Makers Funding Program of Technologies Finland Centennial Foundation and Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation.