How to design courses for actual learning - stepping on the shoulders of others

There is a growing number of demands of what should be included in university education, from entrepreneurship to sustainability. But are we equipped to cope with these new demands? Where to look for practical tools to develop one’s teaching?
Open source tools for learning design / photo: Akseli Huhtanen
Open source tools for learning design / photo: Akseli Huhtanen

The different practices of teaching and research

Let’s do a thought experiment: What if there would be a “Google Scholar for teaching”? Imagine a search engine for educational methods based on proper psychology of learning - not having to invent the whole course from scratch by ourselves.

We could look up for handy methods for warming up the class or proven tools for assessment of learning. We’d have an educational process or method like we have the scientific method to follow. If someone then told that she is not using the search engine, not building upon other educators’ proceedings, she would be considered unprofessional.

Maybe one day, we’ll have this neat search engine for applied educational findings. In the meantime we can learn from this thought experiment: If such a search engine would exist, we would definitely suggest everyone use it - so why are we not building on top of each other's work now when it comes to teaching?

Where to find tools for planning and teaching?

Perhaps the reason for this difference between research and teaching is that there is a vast number of specialized platforms for sharing the research findings, data and methods - but in education, few or no such platforms exist. Stepping on the shoulders of giants in teaching is hard when no giants are insight.

While we are waiting for the revolutionary search engine, a recent development in the field of education and professional development can prove helpful. One way of building teaching on top of what others have created is to use specific learning design processes. The practice of instructional design, and it’s more recent update learning design, has been around, especially in Northern America from the 1950s on.

Learning design practices make use of pre-formulated processes that guide the teacher through planning, design, implementation, and finally, assessment of a course. This way, the teacher can focus on the actual content and interaction.

Open-source tools for learning design

Some open-source tools for learning design to start with:

Teaching for actual learning

Following the process provided by these tools lets the teacher focus on the content and developing the teaching, not having to worry whether everything has been considered or not. The readymade tools guide you to ask the right questions.

There is more time for considering the actual learning in the course, more time to interact with the learners, more possibilities for building a course that connects the learning into the actual world - thus improving learning outcomes.

In my personal opinion, structuring the planning and design of teaching is the best way to make way for actual learning. Without these wireframes, we tend to focus too much on what should be learned, not on how people actually learn it. As the process guides us to take into account, we are able to make learning more meaningful. This could mean for example connecting the course topics more into generic themes and competences, such as entrepreneurship, sustainability, communication and people skills. Real-world relevance makes learning meaningful both to the learners and teachers.


The author works as a learning designer in team FITech. Akseli’s ambition is to make learning meaningful and engaging, both online and on-campus.

Teaching Lab  — Designing future-proof education
  • Published:
  • Updated:

Read more news

Research & Art Published:

Open Science Short News

Short summary of what is happening at Aalto and in the national Open Science Coordination.
White coffee cup with Space 21 logo, space's common room on the background.
Campus, University Published:

Space 21 monthly morning coffees in Autumn 2023

Start your day with the best coffee on campus in the living room of radical creativity. The entire Aalto community is invited – check the schedule for Autumn 2023 below.
Jaakko Honko -luennon 2023 pääpuhuja Kaisa Hietala
University Published:

Keynote speaker, Business Director Kaisa Hietala: We lack a definition of the value of nature

About 300 invitees and alumni took part in the lecture bearing the name of Chancellor Jaakko Honko
Lennart Engels, Karolin Kull, Ágnes László, Julia Postrzech and Valenti Soler won the Habitare Design competition 2023.
Awards and Recognition, Research & Art, Studies, University Published:

Team of Interior Architecture and Contemporary Design students won the Habitare Design competition 2023

The Habitare Design Competition is intended for students studying art, design, and architecture in Finland. This year ‘s theme of the competition was “Tools for togetherness”, which required the teams to design and implement new types of tools to promote togetherness and interaction on a human scale or more widely.