News

Funding boost to make quantum circuits reliable

A new EU funded project led by professor Mikko Möttönen aims to demonstrate that quantum-circuit refrigerators can be reliably manufactured
Kvanttipiirijäähdytin
Photo of a centimeter-sized silicon chip, which has two parallel superconducting resonators and quantum-circuit refrigerators connected to them. Image: Kuan Yen Tan.

The commercial development of quantum computers calls for breakthroughs in three important areas: quantum logic, readout of quantum information, and managing losses. Quantum information is destroyed if there are energy losses in the system. On the other hand, quantum computers need losses to efficiently initialize the quantum memory.

The new Scalable Fabrication Process for Quantum-Circuit Refrigerators (SCAR) project aims to develop the reliability and scope of the quantum-circuit refrigerators that are part of quantum processors. The ultimate goal is to demonstrate that quantum-circuit refrigerators can be used to reliably manage losses. SCAR is Professor Mikko Möttönen’s fourth project grant from the European Research Council (ERC).

Kuva:Niki Strbian.
Photo: Niki Strbian.

‘We will use an electron beam writer to manufacture 10,000 quantum-circuit refrigerators, which are tunnel junctions about 100 nanometres in size. We will systematically study which actions improve the quality of the manufacturing process and its uniformity. The revised process may involve new cleaning methods and alternative materials for the tunnel junctions,’ Mikko Möttönen explains.

One of the aims of the cleaning is to prevent unwanted atoms and molecules from entering the junctions and thus changing their properties over time.

‘The options for the cleaning methods include the use of hydrofluoric acid, which can be used to clean the silicon surface very efficiently. It is a rather aggressive method, however, and the junctions and masks used to make the junctions may not be able to withstand it.

Aluminium has been used as a superconductor in the junctions and it does not need to be replaced. Copper has been used, for example, as a normal metal, and a gold-palladium alloy could be tried as an alternative to this.

Mikko Möttönen has received a €2 million ERC Consolidator Grant for the period 2017–2021. Furthermore, the new SCAR project also supports the construction of a domestic quantum ecosystem which includes, for example, Aalto University, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland and a number of companies from the quantum technology sector.

‘The quantum-circuit refrigerator was invented by my group a few years ago, and it has been further developed in other research projects. Our goal is to be able to manage losses extremely precisely and in real time,’ Mikko Möttönen adds.

The study is being carried out by the Quantum Computing and Devices research group, which is part of Quantum Technology Finland (QTF), a national centre of excellence in quantum research. The group uses the national OtaNano research infrastructure for its research.

Read More:

Previous news article about the quantum-circuit refrigerator

European Research Council: Top-up funding awarded to ERC grantees to spur innovation

  • Published:
  • Updated:
Share
URL copied!

Read more news

A night-vision image of a mouse swimming in darkness
Press releases Published:

The limits of vision: seeing shadows in the dark

A dedicated neural circuit in the retina detects shadows even in near-complete darkness
The design space in the virtual reality task
Press releases, Research & Art Published:

Designers find better solutions with computer assistance, but sacrifice creative touch

Computer-guided design can propose more solutions and balance out human inexperience and design fixation
Two models wearing grey solar cell clothing.
Press releases Published:

Researchers developed invisible, machine-washable solar cell technology for clothing

The discrete nature of the cells protects them – and makes the clothes more attractive, the physics and design researchers say. Promising applications include work and outdoor clothing, and curtains which react to changes in the amount of light.
A night sky with the northern lights visible behind the silhouettes of trees. / Yötaivas, jossa revontulet näkyvät puiden siluettien takana.
Press releases Published:

The aurora borealis can be heard even when they can’t be seen

Recordings reveal sounds linked with geomagnetic activity that’s too weak to cause northern lights at the same spot