Risto Ilmoniemi

Distinguished Professor
Distinguished Professor
T314 Dept. Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering

I have built and designed multichannel MEG instruments and invented for MEG use the minimum-norm estimate (together with Matti Hämäläinen), the signal-space projection, formulas for the forward problem, the channel-capacity measure for comparing sensor arrays, and the triangle phantom. I have developed, together with many excellent students, several transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) techniques such as navigated TMS (nTMS), the combined use of TMS and EEG, and multi-locus TMS (mTMS). I am the founder and former CEO of Nexstim Plc, the company that brought nTMS and TMS–EEG to the market. Currently, I lead the development of mTMS and hybrid MEG–MRI systems and apply these technologies for neuroscience and clinical use. Much of my effort is devoted to the development of mathematical methods for improved brain-signal analysis and for data interpretation, often involving work on the bioelectromagnetic inverse problem.

Full researcher profile
https://research.aalto.fi/...

Contact information

Phone number
+358505562964

Areas of expertise

Biodesign, Aalto Ventures Program, Human brain imaging, Applied Physics, Neurophysics, Biophysics, Electromagnetism, Bioelectromagnetism, Neuroscience, Biomedical engineering, Medical Technology, Neurotechnology, Brain imaging, Electrical impedance tomography, Functional magnetic resonance imaging, Magnetoencephalography, Electroencephalography, Brain Research, Neurostimulation, Ultra-low-field MRI, Brain stimulation, Navigated brain stimulation, Navigated TMS, Transcranial direct current stimulation, Transcranial magnetic stimulation, Brain connectivity, Brain modeling, Inverse problems, Signal analysis, SQUID magnetometers, Philosophy of mind, EEG, NIRS, TMS, NTMS, NBS, MMN, MRI, ULF MRI, MEG-MRI, MEGMRI, MEG, FMRI, EIT, M.Sc. programme Brain and Mind, BioMag Laboratory, BECS, Aalto Brain Centre (ABC), TDCS, TACS

Honors and awards

Academy professor 1.1.2012-31.12.2016 Suomen Akatemia, Finland

Award or honor granted for a specific work Department of Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering Jan 2011

Innovation Prize 1997 of the New Technology Foundation, Finland

Multichannel magnetic brain stimulator, awarded to Risto Ilmoniemi and his research team, including Jarmo Ruohonen, Juha Virtanen, Janne Kamppuri, Pekka Kähkönen and Marko Ollikainen. The award for this first prize was worth 15000 FIM, April 14, 1997
Award or honor granted for a specific work Department of Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering Apr 1997

First prize in the invention competition organized by the Foundation for Medical Technology, Finland

Electromagnetic brain mapping device, worth 5000 FIM, Sept. 25, 1997.
Award or honor granted for a specific work Department of Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering Sep 1997

Innosuomi 2004 Prize awarded by the President of Finland, Ms. Tarja Halonen, to Nexstim Ltd., a company founded and led by Risto Ilmoniemi

Award or honor granted for a specific work Department of Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering Nov 2004

Member, Finnish Academy of Science and Letters

Award or honor granted for academic career Department of Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering Jan 2008

Fellow of ISFSI (International Society for Functional Source Imaging)

Award or honor granted for academic career Department of Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering Jan 2011

World Technology Award Finalist in Health & Medicine, The World Technology Network in association with TIME, Fortune, CNN, Science/AAAS, Kurzweil Technologies, and IEEE Spectrum

Award or honor granted for academic career Department of Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering Jan 2013

Knight, First Class, of the Order of the White Rose of Finland

Award or honor granted for academic career Department of Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering Dec 2014

Fellow of EAMBES (European Alliance for Medical and Biological Engineering and Science)

Award or honor granted for academic career Department of Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering Jan 2015

Innovation of the Year Award

In recognition of exceptional work transferring research to innovation with both economical and societal impact.
Award or honor granted for a specific work Department of Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering Dec 2017

Publications

The rt-TEP tool: real-time visualization of TMS-Evoked Potentials to maximize cortical activation and minimize artifacts

Silvia Casarotto, Matteo Fecchio, Mario Rosanova, Giuseppe Varone, Sasha D'Ambrosio, Simone Sarasso, Andrea Pigorini, Simone Russo, Angela Comanducci, Risto J. Ilmoniemi, Marcello Massimini 2022 Journal of Neuroscience Methods

Minimum-norm Estimation of TMS-activated Motor Cortical Sites in Realistic Head and Brain Geometry

Jusa Reijonen, Laura Saisanen, Minna Pitkanen, Meri Julkunen, Risto J. Ilmoniemi, Petteri Nieminen, Petro Julkunen 2022 IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering

TMS with fast and accurate electronic control

Victor Hugo Souza, Jaakko O. Nieminen, Sergei Tugin, Lari M. Koponen, Oswaldo Baffa, Risto J. Ilmoniemi 2022 Brain Stimulation

Closed-loop optimization of transcranial magnetic stimulation with electroencephalography feedback

Aino E. Tervo, Jaakko O. Nieminen, Pantelis Lioumis, Johanna Metsomaa, Victor H. Souza, Heikki Sinisalo, Matti Stenroos, Jukka Sarvas, Risto J. Ilmoniemi 2022 Brain Stimulation

Multi-locus transcranial magnetic stimulation system for electronically targeted brain stimulation

Jaakko O. Nieminen, Heikki Sinisalo, Victor H. Souza, Mikko Malmi, Mikhail Yuryev, Aino E. Tervo, Matti Stenroos, Diego Milardovich, Juuso T. Korhonen, Lari M. Koponen, Risto J. Ilmoniemi 2022 Brain Stimulation

Trade-off between stimulation focality and the number of coils in multi-locus transcranial magnetic stimulation

Samuel Nurmi, Jere Karttunen, Victor H. Souza, Risto J. Ilmoniemi, Jaakko O. Nieminen 2021 JOURNAL OF NEURAL ENGINEERING

Effect of stimulus orientation and intensity on short-interval intracortical inhibition (SICI) and facilitation (SICF)

Sergei Tugin, Victor H. Souza, Maria A. Nazarova, Pavel A. Novikov, Aino E. Tervo, Jaakko O. Nieminen, Pantelis Lioumis, Ulf Ziemann, Vadim V. Nikulin, Risto J. Ilmoniemi 2021 PloS one

Safety and recommendations for TMS use in healthy subjects and patient populations, with updates on training, ethical and regulatory issues

Simone Rossi, Andrea Antal, Sven Bestmann, Marom Bikson, Carmen Brewer, Jürgen Brockmöller, Linda L. Carpenter, Massimo Cincotta, Robert Chen, Jeff D. Daskalakis, Vincenzo Di Lazzaro, Michael D. Fox, Mark S. George, Donald Gilbert, Vasilios K. Kimiskidis, Giacomo Koch, Risto J. Ilmoniemi, Jean Pascal Lefaucheur, Letizia Leocani, Sarah H. Lisanby, Carlo Miniussi, Frank Padberg, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Walter Paulus, Angel V. Peterchev, Angelo Quartarone, Alexander Rotenberg, John Rothwell, Paolo M. Rossini, Emiliano Santarnecchi, Mouhsin M. Shafi, Hartwig R. Siebner, Yoshikatzu Ugawa, Eric M. Wassermann, Abraham Zangen, Ulf Ziemann, Mark Hallett 2021 Clinical Neurophysiology

On the Effective Resolution of TMS, its Tradeoff with Signal-to-Noise Ratio, and the Experimental Implications

Tuomas Mutanen, Victor Souza, Jaakko Nieminen, Risto Ilmoniemi 2021 International Journal of Bioelectromagnetism

Real-Time Artifact Detection and Removal for Closed-Loop EEG-TMS

Matilda Makkonen, Tuomas Mutanen, Johanna Metsomaa, Christoph Zrenner, Victor Souza, Risto Ilmoniemi 2021 International Journal of Bioelectromagnetism