News

Scientists reveal “woodquakes”

Wood and its response to stress or strain has been less known at a fundamental level – until now.
Year rings show collapse as a result of the piston’s compression) The images taken by the camera clearly display the year rings of the wood. Comparing two consecutive images reveals the collapse of a year ring. This is seen in the picture on the right as a dark red stripe, which signifies a large local deformation. Picture: Markus Ovaska.

The  structural properties of brittle materials like rock or ceramic, such as cracking under stress, have long been studied in detail, providing insight into avalanches, earthquakes and landslides. Wood and its response to stress or strain has been less known at a fundamental  level – until now.

Scientists, from the Department of Applied Physics at Aalto University in Finland, have applied well-established methods for studying all kinds of materials to wood, namely through detailed observation and listening. Their results indicate that wood – while clearly different in its structure – behaves like other materials, showing patterns of damage and emitting a crackling sound in response to compression. Indeed, the sound we hear when we listen to wood is analogous to seismic waves released by earthquakes.

Doctoral candidate Markus Ovaska explains the experiment: “We took small pieces of pine and compressed them with a piston (1cm square) to create deformations in the wood. To observe the process, we used common techniques, that is, digital image correlation and acoustic monitoring of the deformations. These techniques were then correlated to provide us with the sight and sound of wood’s properties as the compressions were made.”

Some aspects in the behavior of wood have previously been overlooked. Dr. Amandine Miksic, one of the co-authors on the paper, explains: “It has long been assumed that wood is unique or that it displays specific properties, for example, due to its layered, cellular structure and year rings. By creating an experiment that observes wood using acoustic and optical measurements, we’ve found a universal pattern of response, similar to avalanches.”

Every time we sit in a wooden chair, walk on a parquet floor, or drive across a timber bridge, “woodquakes” are happening below.

These woodquakes were unexpected, according to co-author Professor Mikko Alava, who supervised the project. “Since the properties of wood are so dependent on temperature or humidity, it is a surprise that we get these kinds of avalanches. We have to now ask whether this happens in all kinds of biological or natural materials.”

Miksic suggests their results could contribute to predicting failure and perhaps prevent future damage, something vitally important to the furniture or construction industry.

 Their findings will be published in the journal Physical Review Letters. The work was financially supported by the Academy of Finland’s Centre of Excellence in Computational Nanoscience (project no. 251748).

For more information:

Professori Mikko Alava
[email protected]
+358 50 4132 152
Department of Applied Physics
Aalto University School of Science

  • Published:
  • Updated:

Read more news

Cover
Research & Art Published:

The Tentative Program of ITICAT2024

The tentative program of ITICAT2024 has been published.
Artistic illustration: Algorithms over a computer chip
Research & Art Published:

Aalto computer scientists in STOC 2024

Two papers from the field of computer science were accepted to STOC 2024.
Harald Herlin Learning Center
Research & Art Published:

Learning Centre to pilot new opening hours as of 19 August 2024

The change gives Aalto students and staff more extensive access rights to the Learning Centre spaces and collections.
A group of people walking along the linden alley in summer
Cooperation, Research & Art, University Published:

Strong overall result: 27.5 million euros from the Research Council of Finland

A total of 52 Aalto researchers received Academy Research Fellowship and Academy Project funding. The total funding awarded to Aalto University amounts to 27.5 million euros