Bio2Future course "Man-made cellulose fibers"
After a short introduction about the history and the market situation of MMCFs, the focus is placed on the chemistry and technology of the dissolving pulp (raw material) and staple fiber production based on the two major commercial process, the Viscose and the Lyocell processes. In addition, students will get an overview on alternative MMCF processes.
The course provides the fundamentals of cellulose dissolution, characterization of rheological and viscoelastic behavior, the dynamics of polymer chains in solution, structure formation during the regeneration of cellulose fibers. Students can expect to gain a better understanding of cellulose structure and morphology, with a special emphasis on the structure-property-relationship.
The conversion of staple fibers to products that go into making apparel and other textile goods is subject of the final part of the course. Students will learn yarn production, knitting and knitwear, weaving, dyeing and printing technologies, fabric quality and sustainability and gain an outlook on new fabric developments including smart textiles. The dyeing and finishing fundamentals encompass the basic concepts of textile wet processing with emphasis on the tuning of the surface properties with respect to hydrophilicity and hydrophobicity.
School: Chemical Engineering, Aalto University
Department: Bioproducts and Biosystems
Level of study: Postgraduate
Participants: PhD students, industrial chemists
Pre-requirements: Master's degree in chemistry, material science, chemical engineering with some pre-knowledge in polymer chemistry
Responsible professor: Herbert Sixta
Course Schedule: Please use this link to find the course schedule.
- Thoroughly know and comprehend the chemistry and technology of dissolving pulp production
- Describe and explain the fundamentals of cellulose dissolution pathways
- Understand the rheological behavior of cellulose solutions and assess the viscoelastic properties of spinning dopes
- Explain the chemistry and technology of the Viscose and Lyocell fiber processes and gain an understanding of novel MMCF processes
- Develop and evaluate analytical methods for process control and the assessment of fiber properties
- Understand the principles of yarn and fabric production, and their application
- Fibers and yarn properties and identification for suitable application
- Compute different dyeing and finishing operations
- Provide an overview on dyestuff chemistry and terminology
- Assess quality characteristics of dyeing and surface treatments Understand the tuning of surface properties
- Combine sustainable apparel production and fashion Produce new research ideas related to MMCF production
Quizzes during each lecture
Advanced review article
Ali Harlin, Professor, D.Sc., VTT, Infinited Fiber Company Ltd.
Armin Stein, PhD, Senior Scientist, Rhodia-Acetow
Daisuke Sawada, PhD, Postdoctoral researcher, Aalto University
Daniel Söderberg, PhD, Docent, Department of Mechanics, KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Gert Kroner, PhD, Head of global R&D department, Lenzing AG.
Haio Harms, DDr , former Director of R&D, Lenzing AG; former CEO at Kelheim Fibres GmbH.
Herbert Sixta, PhD, Professor in Biorefineries, Head of the Department of Bioproducts and Biosystems, Aalto University.
Kirsi Niinimäki, PhD in Arts, Assoc. Professor in Design, Aalto University,.
Marja Rissanen, D.Sc. (Tech.), Fiber and textile Expert, Department of Bioproducts and Biosystems, Aalto University.
Michael Hummel, PhD, Assoc. Professor, Department of Bioproducts and Biosystems, Aalto University.
Pertti Nousiainen, PhD, Professor (Emeritus) of Fiber and Textile Technology,Tampere University of Technology (TUT), Owner of a private consultation office.
More information about the biographies of the lectures can be found here.
Aalto Bioproduct Centre: Spinning laboratory, yarn processing (CHEM)
Department of design: knitting, weaving, dyeing (ARTS)
Enrollment open: 1.4.2019 - 31.7.2019.
PhD students from Aalto University: Register through WebOodi. Please search the course with code: CHEM-LV Man-made cellulose fibers.
PhD students from other universities in Finland: JOO application (either in Joopas or with paper application; please check the correct option from your home university).
NB: Please note that due to delayed processing of applications during summer season, you should submit the JOO application in your home university by the end of May or at the latest in the beginning of June.
Please use course code and name CHEM-LV Man-made cellulose fibers in your application.
PhD students from other universities abroad: Fill in the form 506 (Application for the right to pursue non-graduate studies) and return it with appendices (pdf) to [email protected].
In place “I am submitting this application”, please choose option “For other reasons” and explain your doctoral student status on a separate pdf file. Please use course code and name CHEM-LV Man-made cellulose fibers.
Other participants: by e-mail to Michael Hummel (firstname.lastname(at)aalto.fi)
The course is free to full-time PhD students (excluding accommodation and traveling costs).
The course fee of 750 € (incl. VAT) will be charged from other participants. The fee includes course materials, meals during the course (breakfast, lunch and afternoon coffee) and the course dinner on Wed 22 August at 7 PM.