Department of Applied Physics

Surface Science

The Surface Science group studies structures, bonding, and reactivity at solid surfaces on the atomic and molecular scale using advanced surface sensitive tools in Ultra High Vacuum environment. This knowledge is utilized to understand macroscopic behavior of nanostructures and surface phenomena like heterogeneous catalysis and adhesion.
Surface science

Group leader

Dr. Jouko Lahtinen

Research is carried out in the following areas:

  • Structural and chemical characterization of nanomaterials
  • Interactions and structures of adsorbate species on metal surfaces
  • Surface and near surface characterization of oxide materials, nanoparticles and ‘real’ catalysts.

Research

The Surface Science group studies:

  • Growth and characterisation of 2D materials
  • Interactions and structures of adsorbate species on metal surfaces
  • Surface and near surface characterization of oxide materials, nanoparticles and ‘real’ catalysts.

Graphene and other 2D nanostructures

Graphene is a one atomic thick sheet of carbon atoms featuring a honeycomb structure. It has several interesting properties both mechanically and electronically.

These studies have been performed in close collaboration with the Atomic Scale Physics group. The adjacent image shows the moire structure of single layer of graphene on Ir(111) surface studied with LEED I(V) and AFM measurements that yield the local surface topography with pm accuracy.

Ordered structures of adsorbed molecules on single crystal surfaces

With these studies we aim to increase the understanding of catalytic systems. Adsorption of CO has been studied on metal surfaces and known catalytic promoters and poisons hase been added to change the adsorption behaviour and structure. Typically the system has been studied with XPS and LEED I(V) measurements to give chemical and structural information. The adjacent image shows the adsorption structure of  clusters consisting of 14 P-atoms on Pt(111) surface.

Surface characterisation with ESCA

Electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis (ESCA, XPS) is a standard tool for studying the chemical composition of the first few atomic layers of solid material. We have used the method to study a large variety of samples from our collaborators; these include e.g. car exhaust catalysts from Environmental and Chemical Engineering at Oulu University, carbon nano structures from e.g. NanoMaterials group, light emitting silica particles, etc.

Facilities

The Surface Science research group has three multi-technique ultra-high vacuum (UHV) systems located in Nanotalo.

Kratos Axis Ultra ESCA system

The system is an X-ray Photoemission Spectrometer (XPS, ESCA) enabling elemental concentrations,chemical state identification and chemical state mapping of the surface. The system contains a dual anode (Mg and Al Kα source) and a monochromated Al Kα source. The analysis area varies from 110 μm down to 15 μm, and he ultimate lateral resolution is 5 μm. There is also an He-source enabling Ultraviolet Photoemission Spectroscopy (UPS).

Ar Gas Cluster Ion Source (GCIS) capable of generating Ar cluster size up to 2000 atoms. The cluster source enables depth profiling of both hard and soft materials. The ion source also enables Low Energy Ion Scattering Spectrocopy (LEISS).

STM & XPS

The system is a self-combined collection consisting of 

  • Surface Science SSX-100 electron energy analyzer and monochromatic X-ray source
  • Omicron VT SPM variable temperature scanning tunneling microscope
  • SPECTALEED reverse view LEED-optics for low energy electron diffraction (LEED)
  • evaporation systems for sample preparation in vacuum.

LEED & PM-IRRAS

This is another self-combined system consisting of

  • Perkin Elmer PHI 3057 XPS system with a dual anode (Mg and Al Kα) X-ray source and an electron energy analyzer.

  • Princeton Research Instruments reverse view LEED-optics
  • Bruker Polarization Modulated Ifrared Absorption Spectroscopy (PM-IRRAS)

Latest publications

Department of Applied Physics, NanoMaterials, Surface Science
Publishing year: 2019 Chemical Engineering Journal
Department of Applied Physics, Soft Matter and Wetting, Biomolecular materials, Department of Bioproducts and Biosystems, Active Matter, Surface Science, NanoMaterials, Molecular Materials
Publishing year: 2019 ADVANCED OPTICAL MATERIALS
Surface Science, Department of Applied Physics
Publishing year: 2019 Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Department of Applied Physics, Surface Science
Publishing year: 2019 CATALYSTS
Nanomagnetism and Spintronics, Department of Applied Physics, Surface Science
Publishing year: 2019 Advanced Intelligent Systems
Ilkka Tittonen Group, Department of Electronics and Nanoengineering, Surface Science, Department of Applied Physics
Publishing year: 2019 Journal of Materials Chemistry A
Department of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering, Catalysis, School common, CHEM, Surface Science, Department of Applied Physics
Publishing year: 2019 Topics in Catalysis
Department of Chemistry and Materials Science, Advanced and functional Materials, Surface Science, Department of Applied Physics
Publishing year: 2018 Nanoscale Research Letters
Electrochemical Energy Conversion, Department of Chemistry and Materials Science, Department of Applied Physics, Surface Science, NanoMaterials
Publishing year: 2018 ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Department of Chemistry and Materials Science, Inorganic Materials Chemistry, Department of Applied Physics, Surface Science
Publishing year: 2018 Dalton Transactions
More information on our research in the Research database.
Research database

Research group members

Jouko Lahtinen

Jouko Lahtinen

Department of Applied Physics
Senior University Lecturer
Jani Sainio

Jani Sainio

Department of Applied Physics
Senior University Lecturer
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