Matti Kummu

Matti Kummu

T213 Built Environment

The main focus of my research is the interaction between human population and earth system. I have been working extensively on assessing the global water scarcity and how it has impacted on food production and availability. To ease the ever-growing pressure on natural resources, we are working actively in deepening the understanding on global food system. Particularly, we are quantifying the potential of different measures, such as diet change, food loss reduction, emerging non-meat protein sources, and yield gap closure, to sustainably increase the food availability globally. Finally, we work also on a more local scale challenges and opportunities on water-energy-food nexus, particularly in Southeast Asian context.

I am part of Water and development research group, under Water and Environmental Engineering group, of which Master's programme I teach "Water and people in developing world"-course.

My ongoing projects include 

Sustainable food futures within safe operating spaces - SOS.aquaterra 

The project aims to identify feasible solutions to meet future food demand globally while staying within local and global safe operating spaces (SOS), such as planetary boundaries. In the project, we will develop a novel integrated modelling system that captures interactions between the relevant planetary boundary processes and the global food system. We will also assess the social feasibility of different measures that would ease the pressure food production puts on the environment. Project is funded by a H2020 ERC CoG grant. See more at

Full researcher profile
[email protected]


Geography, Remote Sensing, Water resources, Global change, Hydrology, Food security


  • Water and Environmental Eng., Professor


Feeding ten billion people is possible within four terrestrial planetary boundaries

Dieter Gerten, Vera Heck, Jonas Jägermeyr, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Ingo Fetzer, Mika Jalava, Matti Kummu, Wolfgang Lucht, Johan Rockström, Sibyll Schaphoff, Hans Joachim Schellnhuber 2020

Giving legs to handprint thinking : foundations for evaluating the good we do

Joseph H. A. Guillaume, Suvi Sojamo, Miina Porkka, Dieter Gerten, Mika Jalava, Leena Lankoski, Elina Lehikoinen, Michael Lettenmeier, Stephan Pfister, Kirsi Usva, Yoshihide Wada, Matti Kummu 2020

Interplay of trade and food system resilience : Gains on supply diversity over time at the cost of trade independency

Matti Kummu, Pekka Kinnunen, Elina Lehikoinen, Miina Porkka, Cibele Queiroz, Elin Röös, Max Troell, Charlotte Weil 2020

Two-thirds of global cropland area impacted by climate oscillations

Matias Heino, Michael J. Puma, Philip J. Ward, Dieter Gerten, Vera Heck, Stefan Siebert, Matti Kummu 2018

A developing food crisis and potential refugee movements

Michael J. Puma, So Young Chon, Kaoru Kakinuma, Matti Kummu, Raya Muttarak, Richard Seager, Yoshihide Wada 2018

Bringing it all together : linking measures to secure nations’ food supply

Matti Kummu, Marianela Fader, Dieter Gerten, Joseph HA Guillaume, Mika Jalava, Jonas Jägermeyr, Stephan Pfister, Miina Porkka, Stefan Siebert, Olli Varis 2017

The use of food imports to overcome local limits to growth

Miina Porkka, Joseph H.A. Guillaume, Stefan Siebert, Sibyll Schaphoff, Matti Kummu 2017