ABC -seminaari: Morphemes in the Brain

Dr. Alec Marantz (Department of Linguistics, New York University, USA) will present his work regarding neural implementation of language processing from both theoretical and neurocognitive perspectives.
ABC Seminar

Tervetuloa ABC -seminaariin! Tämä seminaari on avoin kaikille. Esitys on auditoriossa F239a Health Technology -talossa (Otakaari 3). Esityksen jälkeen on tarjolla kahvia ja pullaa.

Puhuja: Dr. Alec Marantz, Department of Linguistics, New York University, USA

Otsikko: Morphemes in the Brain

Abstrakti: This talk will bring the audience up to date on continuing research from the NYU MorphLab https://wp.nyu.edu/morphlab/that illustrates the productive interaction between neuroscience and linguistic theory.  First, I will clarify how the separation of morphemes (minimal units of grammatical processing, as in real-iz-ation-s) from their sound or written realizations underpins neurolinguistic work on the processing of morphologically complex words.  In recognizing spoken or written words, we first identify these “realizations” of morphemes as acoustic or visual objects.  Our brains quickly and automatically generate a parse of the linguistic input into a structure of these units, in either sounds or letters, which serves as the basis for a-modal morphological analysis, and in the case of spoken language, prediction of upcoming sounds.   I will present new MEG data from studies of English, Arabic, Tagalog and Japanese where experiments add significantly to our general understanding of linguistic structure.  Early MEG responses from the visual and auditory processing pathways in the brain show sensitivity to complex grammatical knowledge, as manifested in the statistical relation among the realizations of morphemes

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