Open Science and Research
Open science increases the impact of research, it speeds up the creation of innovations, it ensures higher quality and transparency in scientific research, and it makes available the research results needed to solve global problems.
Development of open science and research practices at Aalto is an open process, and one in which all university stakeholders are invited to participate.
Openness is an integral part of science and research. Open science enhances the use of scientific information in society and in the creation of innovation. Openly available research data also increases the reliability of research, says Vice President of Research and Innovations, Tuija Pulkkinen.
What is open science and research?
The principle of openness is the key principle of science and research. The most visible forms of open science are open access publishing of peer-reviewed scientific publications and dissertations, the publication of citable research data and the publication of methods and the open source software used in research.
Open science is an important way to promote science and ensure that it will benefit all of society and also a way to enable new kinds of collaboration and innovation.
Open science and research 2014–2017 is an initiative by the Ministry of Education and Culture that Aalto University contributes to in many ways. The initiative aims to make Finland a leading country in open science and research.
Aalto University open science and research goals
Aalto University is committed to achieving open science and research goals and ensuring that research results can be used as business assets to achieve benefits for society as a whole. Aalto University’s intellectual property guidelines take into account open science goals as well as the protection of intellectual property rights.
Aalto University has adopted the following Open Access Policy.
Aalto University has an Open Access Policy. Aalto University requires that researchers make their peer reviewed scientific publications openly available, in the form permitted by publishers, at its Aaltodoc repository. The metadata of publications in Aaltodoc is harvested by OpenAIRE. OpenAIRE provides open access infrastructure for research in Europe.
Research done at the university, for example PhD dissertations, are published following the open access policy. The university also recommends the use and development of open research methods and open source software.
Aalto University's research data management policy defines the principles for opening up research data created with public funding, in order to ensure that it has a wide impact for the benefit of the society and achieves the strategic goals of Aalto University. See Aalto University's research data management policy (pdf).
Combining openness and commercialization
Before initiating any publishing activity it’s essential to map and carefully consider potential exploitation options, because once the result becomes known to public, it’s no longer possible to protect it by patenting (or as a trade secret).
In addition, any applicable funding terms need to be obeyed, funding organization may require open access publishing. Open access publishing is one of the goals of Aalto University. We have developed our process of commercialization in a way that open access publishing can be achieved after the necessary steps needed for the early stages of commercialization, such as filing patent applications, is done. Timing and operations done in proper manner are the keys in achieving both the publishing and the goals of commercialization.
Read more about commercialization and intellectual property (IP) from Reserchers Practical Guide to Intellectual Property 2017 (.pdf)
Inventions resulting from research can be patented, protected with registered design or with a registered trademark. After the necessary intellectual property registrations are filed, the related scientific publications can be published using open access publishing models. Results such as software can be double licensed, that is published with a license that allows use for non-commercial users and separate licensing for commercial uses.
Commercialization process can benefit from using open access tools and open access publishing strategies to attract customers. Collaboration using open source licensed software can be a base for the competitive advantage that provides income to a company.
Read about business strategies that use openness as a tool from Open Source Licenses in Business - Choosing Licenses (.pdf)
Help and assistance for the researcher
Aalto University Library’s website offers more information on open access publishing at Aalto University.
Read more information on open access publishing and the requirements of the research funding agencies.
Open educational resources based on research findings increase the societal impact of researchs.